Top 8 technology trends for 2019
The technology is currently evolving so fast that annual predictions of trends may seem outdated before they are even published as published blog posts or articles. As technology evolves, changes and advances can accelerate and accelerate the rate of change until it becomes exponential.
Technology-based careers do not change at the same pace, but they continue to evolve, and the savvy IT professional realizes that his or her role will not be the same. The IT staff of the 21st century will constantly learn, out of necessity, if not out of desire.
What does that mean for you? It means keeping up with technology trends. And it means keeping an eye on the future and knowing what skills you need and what types of jobs you want to qualify for.
Here are eight technology trends you should look out for in 2019 and some of the jobs created by these trends. Because now is the time to prepare for one of these aspiring jobs.
1. Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI) has attracted much attention in recent years, but remains a trend to watch as the impact on our lives, work and play is at an early stage. In addition, other branches of AI have developed, including machine learning, which we will discuss below. AI refers to computer systems that mimic human intelligence and perform tasks such as recognizing images, speech or patterns, and making decisions. AI can do these tasks faster and more accurately than humans.
AI has been widely used since 1956. In fact, five in six Americans use AI services every day in one form or another, including navigation apps, streaming services, personal assistants for smartphones, ride-on apps, personal assistants for home, and smart home devices. In addition to consumer use, AI is used to plan trains, assess business risks, predict maintenance, and improve energy efficiency, among others.
AI is a part of what we generally call automation, and automation is a hot topic, as jobs may be lost. Experts say automation will cut back 73 million jobs by 2030. However, automation will create and eliminate jobs, especially in the field of AI: Experts predict that the number of jobs in the AI will reach 23 million by 2020. In the development, jobs are created, programming, testing, support and maintenance, just to name a few. The architect of artificial intelligence is one such task. Some say it will soon compete with data scientists who need skilled professionals.
2. Machine Learning
Machine learning is a subset of AI. In machine learning, computers are programmed to learn to do something they are not programmed to do: they literally learn by discovering patterns and insights from data. In general, we have two types of learning, supervised and unattended.
While machine learning is a subset of AI, there are also subsets of machine learning, including neural networks, natural language processing (NLP), and depth learning. Each of these subgroups offers the opportunity to specialize in a career field that will only grow.
Machine learning is rapidly deployed in all industries, creating a huge need for skilled workers. The machine learning market is expected to grow to $ 8.81 billion by 2022. Machine learning applications are used for data analysis, data mining, and pattern recognition. On the consumer side, Machine Learning supports web search results, real-time displays, and network intrusion detection, just to name a few of the many tasks it can perform.
It does not just do countless tasks on our behalf, but also creates jobs. Machine Learning Jobs are among the top job vacancies on LinkedIn with nearly 2,000 job openings. And these jobs are paying well: in 2017, the median pay for a machine learning engineer was $ 106,225. Machine learning jobs include engineers, developers, researchers, and data scientists.
3. Robotic Process Automation or RPA
Like AI and machine learning, Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a technology that automates jobs. RPA is the use of software to automate business processes, such as: For example, to interpret applications, process transactions, process data, and even reply to emails. RPA automates repetitive tasks that were performed earlier. These are not just the simple tasks of a low paid employee: up to 45 percent of our activities can be automated, including the work of financial managers, physicians and CEOs.
Forrester Research estimates that RPA automation will jeopardize the livelihood of 230 million or more knowledge workers, or about 9 percent of the global workforce. However, RPA also creates new jobs while changing existing jobs. McKinsey notes that fewer than 5 percent of professions can be fully automated, but about 60 percent can be partially automated.
For you as an IT expert looking to the future and understanding technological trends, RPA offers a variety of career opportunities, including developers, project managers, business analysts, solution architects, and consultants. And these jobs are paying off well. According to SimplyHired.com, the average RPA salary is $ 73,861. However, this is the average, made up of salaries for junior developers and senior solution architects, with the top 10 percent earning over $ 141,000 annually.
Although most people think of blockchain technology in terms of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Blockchain provides security that is useful in many other ways. In the simplest terms, Blockchain can be described as data that you can only add, remove, or modify. Hence the term “chain” because you create a data chain. Not being able to change the previous blocks makes it so secure. In addition, blockchains are consensus-driven, as explained in this Forbes article, so that no entity can take control of the data. Blockchain does not require a trusted third party to monitor or validate transactions.
This increased security is why Blockchain is used for cryptocurrency and why it can play an important role in protecting information such as medical personal information. Blockchain could be used to dramatically improve the global supply chain, as described here, and to protect assets such as art and real estate.
And the use of blockchain technology is also increasing the need for qualified specialists. We are already behind in this regard. According to Techcrunch, blockchain-related jobs are the second-fastest-growing category of 14-job jobs for every blockchain developer. A blockchain developer specializes in the development and implementation of architectures and solutions using blockchain technology. The average annual salary of a blockchain developer is $ 130,000.
However, the job of a developer is not the only one available in the blockchain section. Employers are also looking for software engineers, consultants and project managers. Jobs can be found in financial institutions, as well as in retail and healthcare, and most likely soon in manufacturing
5. Edge Computing
Cloud computing used to be a technology trend and has now become mainstream. The main providers AWS (Amazon Web Services), Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud dominate the market. The acceptance of cloud computing continues to grow as more and more companies migrate to a cloud solution. But it is no longer the emerging technology. Edge is. Move over cloud computing and clear the way.
As the amount of data that we engage in is getting bigger, in some situations we have seen the shortcomings of cloud computing. Edge computing is designed to address some of these issues, bypass the latency caused by cloud computing, and forward data to a data center for processing. It may exist “on the sidelines”, if you like, closer to the place where data processing needs to take place. As a result, edge computing can be used to process time-sensitive data in remote locations with limited or no connectivity to a central location. In such situations, edge computing can work like a mini-data center. Edge computing will increase as the use of IoT (Internet of Things) devices increases. By 2022, the global edge computing market is expected to reach $ 6.72 billion.
As in any growing market, this will lead to a demand for jobs, especially for software developers.
6. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
Virtual Reality (VR) puts the user in an environment while Augment Reality (AR) enhances its environment. Although VR has been primarily used for games, it has also been used for training, such as VirtualShip, a simulation software used to train US Navy, Army, and Coast Guard ship captains. The popular Pokemon Go is an example of AR.
Both have tremendous potential in the areas of training, entertainment, education, marketing and even post-injury rehabilitation. With this Pepsi Max bus shelter, physicians can be trained to conduct operations, provide a deeper experience for museum visitors, expand theme parks, or even improve marketing.
According to an article on Monster.com, demand for VR-savvy candidates has increased by 37 percent, but potential employees are in short supply. This demand will only increase. There are big players in the VR market like Google, Samsung and Oculus, but many start-ups are emerging and due to the shortage will be hiring new employees – or trying. Getting into VR does not require much expertise. Basic programming skills and a forward thinking mindset can bring a job, though other employers will also look for optics as skills and hardware engineers.
7. Cyber Security
Cybersecurity does not seem to be an emerging technology, as it has been around for some time, but it is evolving just like other technologies. This is partly because threats are always new. The malicious hackers attempting to illegally access data will not give up so quickly and will continue to seek ways to overcome the toughest security measures. This is also because new technologies are being adapted to improve safety. Three of these advances, according to an expert, are hardware authentication, cloud technology and deep learning. Another tool adds data loss prevention and behavioral analysis to the list. As long as we have hackers, cybersecurity will be an emerging technology as it evolves to defend against these hackers.
As evidence of the strong demand for cybersecurity professionals, the number of cybersecurity jobs is growing three times faster than other tech jobs. However, we are lagging behind when it comes to filling these posts. As a result, it is forecasted that by 2021 we will have 3.5 million unfilled cybersecurity jobs.
Many cybersecurity jobs pay six-digit revenue. The roles range from ethical hackers to security engineers and Chief Security Officers, providing a promising career path for someone who wants to enter and stay in this domain.
8. Internet of Things
Although it sounds like a game you play on your smartphone, the Internet of Things (IoT) is the future. Many “things” are currently being created with WiFi connectivity, which means that they can be connected to the Internet and to each other. Hence the Internet of Things or IoT. With IoT devices, appliances, cars and much more can be connected via the Internet and exchange data. And we are only at the beginning of the IoT: The number of IoT devices, which reached 8.4 billion in 2017, is expected to reach 30 billion by 2020.
As consumers, we already use and benefit from the Internet of Things. We can close our doors remotely if we forget when we go to work and pre-heat our ovens on the way home from work as we track our fitness on our Fitbits and celebrate a ride with Lyft. But also companies have much to gain now and in the near future. The Internet of Things can help companies improve security, efficiency and decision making as data is collected and analyzed. It can enable predictive maintenance, accelerate medical care, improve customer service, and provide benefits that we have not even imagined. Despite this blessing in the development and implementation of IoT, experts say that not enough IT professionals are being trained for IoT jobs. An article on ITProToday.com states that we need 200,000 more IT staff who are not yet in the pipeline. According to a survey of engineers, 25.7 percent believe that inadequate skills are the industry’s biggest obstacle to growth.
For someone interested in a career in the Internet of Things, this is an easy start if you are motivated and have a range of entry opportunities. Capabilities include IoT security, cloud computing skills, data analysis, automation, embedded system understanding, and device knowledge, to name but a few. After all, it’s the Internet of Things, and these things are diverse, which means they have the necessary skills.
Although technologies are emerging and evolving around the world, these eight areas offer promising career opportunities now and for the foreseeable future. And all eight have a skills shortage, which means it’s time to choose one, train and enter the early stages of technology to position you for success now and in the future.Tags: technology 2019, technology trends 2019